Embark on a spiritual journey at Mulagandha Kuti Vihar in Varanasi, where ancient history and intricate architecture converge. Immerse yourself in the serenity of this Buddhist sanctuary, adorned with golden statues and timeless frescoes. Discover the Japanese connection, participate in meditation sessions, and explore the nearby sacred grounds of Sarnath. Uncover the spiritual oasis of Mulagandha Kuti Vihar – a harmonious blend of tranquility and enlightenment in the heart of Varanasi.

Introduction of Mulagandha Kuti Vihar:

Varanasi, the spiritual heart of India, is renowned for its ancient temples, vibrant ghats, and the mesmerizing Ganga Aarti. Tucked away in the serpentine lanes of this sacred city lies Mulagandha Kuti Vihar, a tranquil haven that offers a unique blend of spirituality and history. In this blog post, we delve into the significance of Mulagandha Kuti Vihar, exploring its rich history, architectural marvels, and the spiritual experiences it offers to visitors.

Mulagandha Kuti Vihar in Varanasi: A Spiritual Oasis Amidst Ancient Alleys
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Historical Overview:

Mulagandha Kuti Vihar holds its roots in the life of Lord Buddha, making it an essential pilgrimage site for Buddhists. It is believed that the Buddha visited Varanasi, delivering his first sermon at Sarnath, which is just a short distance from Mulagandha Kuti Vihar. The vihar, or monastery, was established in 1931 by the Maha Bodhi Society with the vision of promoting Buddhist teachings and fostering a sense of peace and unity.

Also Read: Sarnath Museum


Mulagandha Kuti Vihar stands as a magnificent display of the builders’ enduring artistry, showcasing their timeless craftsmanship. The vihar is embellished with elaborate carvings that beautifully portray various episodes from the life of Buddha, alongside other Buddhist motifs. This grand structure harmoniously combines the Dharmachakra and Ashoka Chakra, representing the perpetual cycle of existence and the profound principles of enlightenment in Buddhism.

The Main Shrine:

The main focal point of Mulagandha Kuti Vihar is the central shrine, which contains a breathtaking golden statue of Lord Buddha seated in deep meditation. The air is filled with the soothing scent of sandalwood incense as followers come together to pray and find inner peace in the tranquil atmosphere. Elaborate murals and frescoes on the shrine walls beautifully depict the life journey of Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha.

Mulagandha Kuti Vihar in Varanasi: A Spiritual Oasis Amidst Ancient Alleys
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The Japanese Connection:

Mulagandha Kuti Vihar is not only a place of spiritual significance for Indians but also a symbol of Indo-Japanese friendship. The Japanese government contributed to the restoration and beautification of the vihar, strengthening cultural ties between the two nations. This collaboration is evident in the peaceful Japanese garden within the premises, providing a meditative space for visitors.

Also Read: Bharat kala Bhavan

Spiritual Experiences:

Visitors to Mulagandha Kuti Vihar can participate in meditation sessions and teachings on Buddhist philosophy. The vihar hosts regular prayer ceremonies and Dharma discussions, inviting people from various walks of life to immerse themselves in the teachings of compassion, mindfulness, and inner peace.

Mulagandha Kuti Vihar in Varanasi: A Spiritual Oasis Amidst Ancient Alleys
Mulagandha Kuti Vihar in Varanasi: A Spiritual Oasis Amidst Ancient Alleys 13

Exploring Sarnath:

Adjacent to Mulagandha Kuti Vihar is the sacred site of Sarnath, where Buddha delivered his first sermon. Visitors can extend their spiritual journey by exploring the Dhamek Stupa, the Ashoka Pillar, and the Archaeological Museum, which houses artifacts dating back to the Gupta and Maurya periods.


Mulagandha Kuti Vihar in Varanasi stands as a beacon of spiritual enlightenment, drawing pilgrims and seekers from around the world. Its rich history, intricate architecture, and serene atmosphere make it a must-visit destination for those seeking a deeper connection with Buddhist teachings and the tranquility that Varanasi, the city of spirituality, offers. Whether you are a devout Buddhist or a curious traveler, Mulagandha Kuti Vihar promises a unique and enriching experience that transcends the boundaries of time and culture.

Also Read: Ganga Ji Aarti

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